In the 1st Part of this study, we laid the groundwork in understanding The Sabbath day which is also God’s 4th Eternal Commandment. We learned that the Sabbath had a direct connection with the 7th Day of Creation. That God made it for man, so that he may be refreshed, just as God was refreshed on the 7th Day. That it is an important day for Him, as He calls it “My Holy day” and “My Feast/Appointment”. And that the only thing you cannot do on the Sabbath, according to God’s Commandment, is your regular work/occupation done for monetary gain. (If you have not read the 1st Part, please start there, as you will have a clearer understanding of the definitions).
In the 2nd Part of the study, we answered one of the most famous questions that people ask regarding the Sabbath; whether the Sabbath is Saturday, Sunday or everyday. We found out that the Sabbath cannot be Sunday, any day we like, or everyday as some presume, and that it has not been done away with yet. The most interesting finding was that the Original Greek Manuscripts proved that the Sabbath recorded in the new testament was indeed Saturday by showing us that the original Greek word translated as Sabbath “G4521 – σάββατον – sabbaton – sab’-bat-on” is still the name used for Saturday in Greek even today! (If you have not read the 2nd Part, please click here).
Today, as promised, we will address some of the famous questions and thoughts people have regarding the Sabbath. The questions addressed in this post are given below.
- Did Yeshua(Jesus’ true name) break the Sabbath, showing us that it is no more?
- Since the “Keep Sabbath Holy” Commandment is never mentioned in the New testament, it is clearly not important
- Hebrews 4 proves that Yeshua is our Sabbath rest, not any particular day. We should keep everyday holy, not any particular day
- The 1st Century Church met on Sunday’s since the “Lord’s Day”(Yeshua’s resurrection) is on Sunday, which means they didn’t keep the Sabbath.
- There is no mention of the Sabbath in the book of Revelations
- Col 2:16,17 proves that we do not need to keep the Sabbath
- Yeshua said that I am working just as Father God is always working. So we do not need to keep the Sabbath, as Yeshua & God is working on the Sabbath
- Yeshua gave Commandments that abolished the Old, which contained the Sabbath Commandment
- The Sabbath Commandment is not a Spiritual Commandment, while we are asked to keep the Spirit of the Law, and not the letter of the Law
- We are under grace and not under Law, so we do not need to keep the Sabbath
- Yeshua is the Lord of the Sabbath, so this Commandment ends with Him
- The Sabbath was made for Jews, not Gentiles. It was given to Israel and not the church
- It doesn’t matter which day you keep, as long as you keep one and you are fully convinced in your own mind according to Rom 14:5,6
- Sabbath keepers are working for their salvation and have fallen from Grace
- Gal 4:9,10 specifically says not to be in bondage to observing days
- Even if we do need to keep the Sabbath, we wouldn’t know which day it is because of the numerous calendar changes in history
- There is no proof in Scripture that the Sabbath is Saturday
- There is no Sabbath service near to where I live. Am I to keep Sabbath by myself? Isn’t it better for me to go on a Sunday and worship God along with others?
- How can this be right, when everyone I know including powerful Pastors & Teachers worship on Sunday instead of the Sabbath
- Their were strict Laws concerning the Sabbath such as not lighting a fire. Are we supposed to stay in the dark without cooking food just to observe this old Sabbath Law?
Q1) Did Yeshua(Jesus’ true name) break the Sabbath, showing us that it is no more?
Accusation no.1: Yeshua defended His disciples, who broke the Sabbath by plucking and eating corn – Scriptures in concern – Mat 12:1-8, Mar 2:23-28, Luk 6:1-5
In these verses we see the pharisees accusing Yeshua’s disciple of breaking the Sabbath by plucking and eating corn. Nowhere in the Old Testament does it say, that you cannot pluck or eat on the Sabbath. Then why and how can the Pharisees accuse the disciples of doing what is “not lawful”? (Please read – who were the pharisees). Because the pharisees had their own man made Law which is also called the “Oral Law” & “Tradition of the Elders”. (This Law has been written down today in a book form called the Talmud and is still adhered to by the Orthodox Jewish Community). Yeshua was not defending His Disciples, who the Pharisees accused of breaking the Sabbath. He was actually showing the Pharisees their error in adding to the Law of God (No one can add or diminish from God’s Law – Deut 4:2, 12:32), when there was no such Law regarding the Sabbath in the Scriptures. Yeshua’s defense was two pronged. 1) He related the story of David in 1Sam 21:3-6, thereby showing how feeding a man in hunger was not considered a sin, even when the priest gave them the bread in the temple specifically reserved for the priests themselves. 2) He showed how the Priests worked at the Temple on the Sabbath. The livelihood of the priest was their service at the temple. Even though they carried on with their day to day work, even on the Sabbath, which was working at the temple, it was not considered sin, as they were working for God.
Accusation no.2: Yeshua healed on the Sabbath, thereby breaking it – Scriptures in concern – Mat 12:10-13, Mar 3:1-5, Luk 6:6-10, 13:10-17, 14:1-6, John Chap 9
In these verses, the pharisees accused Yeshua of breaking the Sabbath as He healed people from their infirmities. (Please read – who were the pharisees) Healing was considered work by the Pharisees according to their own “Oral Law” (Refer Talmud) as discussed above in “Accusation no.1”. But Yeshua clearly stated in Mat 12:12, that it is Lawful to do good on the Sabbath, according to God’s Word, as the only prohibition was regular work/occupation for monetary gain.
Accusation no.3: Yeshua asked a person to carry a bed, which was considered working on the Sabbath, thereby breaking it – Scriptures in concern – Joh 5:5-12
In this verse, Yeshua asked the man to take his bed and walk. Carrying anything, including a bed was considered work by the Pharisees according to their own “Oral Law” (Refer Talmud) as discussed above in “Accusation no.1”. (Please read – who were the pharisees). The Pharisees who had added to God’s Law, were making false accusations in all these instances against Yeshua, who had not broken God’s Sabbath. Yeshua had only broken the Sabbath according to the Pharisaic Laws.
Conclusion: In all the above instances, the accusations that the Pharisees brought against Yeshua were false accusations that had no bearing in Scripture according to God’s Law. Believing that Yeshua broke the Sabbath because of the accusations brought forward by the Pharisees, is quite a misguided theory. They accused Yeshua of casting out demons by the power of Satan as well(Mat 9:34, Mar 3:22, Luk 11:15). Just because someone accuses another, it does not make that accusation true. The key is to know who the pharisees were, and what their teaching was.
Also, consider these thoughts. If Yeshua broke the Sabbath, according to God’s Law(which He did not), how could He be a blameless, sinless person(1Pet 2:22, 2Cor 5:21, Joh 8:46, 1Joh 3:5) as breaking the Commandments is Sin(1Joh 3:4). If Yeshua broke the Sabbath, according to God’s Law(which He did not), why did the Chief priests and elders have to find “False” witnesses? (Mat 26:59, Mar 14:56) Couldn’t they have just stoned Him to death?
Q2) Since the “Keep Sabbath Holy” Commandment is never mentioned in the New testament, it is clearly not important
It is true that Yeshua never spoke out the 4th Commandment specifically. Mat 19:17,18, Mar 10:19, Luke 18:20 shows a certain man coming to Yeshua asking “what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” to which Yeshua answers “Keep the Commandments”(Mat 19:17) and goes on to elaborate “Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother”. He never mentions the Sabbath Commandment, in fact, He does not mention any of the first 5 Commandments. Does this mean, we can have other Gods alongside God Almighty? Does this mean we can make idols and worship them? Does this mean we can take His name in vain? And does this mean we can break the Sabbath? I believe Yeshua expected anyone who believes in God to obey all of God’s Commandments. The ones He spoke out, were specifically expressed, maybe because they were the Commandments that were not clearly adhered to at that time.
Q3) Hebrews 4 proves that Yeshua is our Sabbath rest, not any particular day. We should keep everyday holy, not any particular day
First of all, I must say, that the Book of Hebrews is a letter written to Hebrew people by an unknown author who is trying to make a single point. This point being “How Yeshua is our new High Priest and Mediator in Heaven between man and God”. Even though we read specific Chapters and Verses off this Epistle, it was written as a letter(without chapters or verses separated), and like all letters, we cannot pick and choose pieces from here and there. We must read the whole letter from beginning to end, to understand the real meaning of it. (Please go here, for a comprehensive study on Hebrews)
In Hebrews Chapter 1, We learn that Yeshua is now better than the angels. Chapter 2 is about how Yeshua was initially made lower than the angels and how He prevailed over sin and death. Chapter 3 calls Yeshua our New High Priest and asks the reader to hold on to God till the end, and quotes Psalms 95:7-11 to show how Israel did not obey God in the wilderness, and in return did not enter into His rest. The author then explains that the people who God was angry with and could not enter into His rest were the ones who provoked Him, sinned against Him and did not believe in Him.
Chapter 4 – the Chapter in focus – a simple commentary
4:1 Author continues the same point made in Chapter 3, saying we should fear God and not come short, and thereby not enter into His rest
4:2 Showcases the difference between us (the reader) and them (the people in the wilderness) and how they fell short because they did not have faith when it was the same Word preached to them and us
4:3,4 We who believe, enter in to this rest. Then the author quotes Psalms 95:11 showing that there is a pending rest for us, even though God finished His work on the 7th day.
4:5 Author quotes Psalms 95:11 again highlighting the word “Enter”
4:6 We must enter into God’s rest, unlike the people in the wilderness who did not enter because of their unbelief
4:7 Author refers back to Psalms 95:11, where David says “Today” and that the time when David wrote this Psalm was a long time after the wilderness journey
4:8 Even though Joshua took the people into the Promised Land (which was their “Rest”), the author suggests that God is talking about another “Rest” through David. (Special note: KJV has Jesus in place of Joshua. This is a mistake which has been rectified in most other versions of the Bible, and is one of the key pieces of evidence to suggest that Jesus had the same name as Joshua which was mistaken by the KJV interpreters)
4:9 author says that there is a Rest for God’s people. (The word translated as “Rest” in this verse is G4520 – σαββατισμός – sabbatismos – sab-bat-is-mos’ – From a derivative of G4521; a “sabbatism”, that is, (figuratively) the repose of Christianity (as a type of heaven): – rest,
and is different from the word “Rest” used in all of the other verses. (G2663 – κατάπαυσις – katapausis – kat-ap’-ow-sis – From G2664; reposing down, that is, (by Hebraism) abode: – rest.)
4:10 whoever has entered into God’s rest has ended their work as God ended His own work. The author is talking about the Rest of death, and being gathered to Abraham and our forefathers to await for the New Kingdom of God, ruled by Yeshua our King.
4:11 Author says that we must labour to enter into that rest, without falling into unbelief
4:12 For the Word of God shows us the right way without falling to unbelief
4:13 And God sees into our hearts. Nothing is hidden from Him
4:14,15 Yeshua is our High Priest who is in Heaven, who knows our weaknesses, who was tempted like us but did not fall into sin
4:16 So, let us come to throne of Grace, to obtain mercy, in the time of need.
Looking at the above commentary, we can see clearly that the author is not saying that the Sabbath is done away, or that Yeshua is our Sabbath in any way. The Rest, talked about in Hebrews 4 is the Rest we will have in Yeshua, at the end of our journey, when we enter into His Kingdom. We must keep ourselves Holy(without Sin) everyday, but the Sabbath remains a day specially consecrated by God.
Q4) The 1st Century Church met on Sunday’s since the “Lord’s Day”(Yeshua’s resurrection) is on Sunday, which means they didn’t keep the Sabbath.
This question contain 2 parts.
1) The belief that the 1st century church met on the 1st Day of the Week, which is Sunday, discarding the Sabbath.
Acts 20:7 & 1Cor 16:2, shows us how the assembly was gathered on the 1st Day of the Week. Does this mean that they did not keep the Sabbath? Hardly. Acts 2:46, shows us how people assembled together daily. And Paul himself regularly went to the Synagogue on Sabbath(Acts 17:2). The fact is, that the 1st Century Church attended synagogue on Sabbath and met the rest of the days in the temple and each others’ houses.
2) Isn’t Sunday the Lord’s Day?
Some say, the reason behind meeting on Sunday, is that He rose from the dead on that day. (By saying this, they further establish that Saturday is Sabbath, as Yeshua rose after the Sabbath). The Lord’s Day is mentioned only once in the New Testament, in Rev 1:10, and Yeshua or His apostles never commanded us to keep that day special, while the Sabbath Commandment is seen throughout the Scriptures spoken out of the Mouth of God, written down with the Finger of God, and is part of the Commandments that are forever to which even Yeshua agreed(Mat 5:18, Luk 16:17). What most fail to see is that, “The Lord’s Day” also means the great day of judgement, which is also called “The day of the Lord” throughout scripture. (Isa 13:6, Joe 3:14, Oba 1:15, Zep 1:14, Zec 14:1, Mal 4:5, Act 2:20, 1Cor 5:5, 1Thes 5:2, 2Pet 3:10). In Rev 1:10, John could be saying that he is witnessing the great and dreadful Day of the Lord, as he is seeing what is about to happen at the end of time.
Q5) There is no mention of the Sabbath in the book of Revelations
The book of Revelations contain a lot of information about the End Times. And true to the point made, there is no mention of the Sabbath in this book. But, is this definite proof that The Sabbath is no more? Let’s look at some facts.
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
Rev 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
Rev 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
The Commandments mentioned in the book of Revelations are the 10 Commandments given by God. The Sabbath Commandment is also part of these 10. Additionally, In the future, after the Final Judgment, the Sabbath will still be in effect (Isa. 66:22-23). If the Book of Revelations mention God’s Commandments in a positive, if not indispensable way, how can anyone say that the Sabbath is no more using the Book of Revelations?
Q6) Col 2:16,17 proves that we do not need to keep the Sabbath
Col 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
Some say, that this verse proves that Paul wanted no man to keep the Sabbath. People interpret this verse as: Let no man judge you “because you do not adhere to” meat, drink, respect of an holyday, the new moon, or the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
But the converse can also be true. It could be interpreted as: Let no man judge you “because you do adhere to” meat, drink, respect of an holyday, the new moon, or the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. (Some of the Jews were known to dislike Gentiles who tried to obey God’s ways).
In Col 2:20-22, Paul goes on to explain that, we are not subject to laws, commandments and doctrines of men. We must ask ourselves only one question. Are the Food Laws or Sabbaths mentioned in the Word of God; laws, commandments and doctrines of men? The whole context on what not to do, is around laws & traditions of men (Col 2:8). Paul could be telling the new believers in Colossi, who were previously gentiles, who were trying to adhere to God’s Law, to not let anyone judge you and tell you how to keep God’s Law, other than how it is written in the Scriptures alone.
Additionally, another point to note is that Paul says that the Sabbath, Holydays, etc are “Shadows of things to come”. The reason God gave the Sabbath & holy days were as shadows of things to come. (Passover – Yeshua’s death / Pentecost – Giving of Holy Spirit / Trumpets – Yeshua’s Second Coming, etc) But, as Paul says, the completion of all things are in Yeshua.
If one says, Col 2:16,17 is proof that Paul told the Colossians not to be judged for not keeping the Sabbath. One could also say that Paul was telling the Colossians not to be judged for keeping the Sabbath as well.
Q7) Yeshua said that I am working just as Father God is always working. So we do not need to keep the Sabbath, as Yeshua & God is working on the Sabbath
In John 5:17, Yeshua replies to the Jews who were trying to persecute Him for healing a man on the Sabbath saying that He works just as Father God does. What did He mean by “The Father works”? Yeshua did no miracle through His own power, but God worked through Him (Joh 14:10). He did the work of Father God(Joh 10:37). So, whatever miracles that Yeshua did was, actually the Father working through Him. And as we studied in the 1st part of this study, we know that the only work prohibited on the Sabbath was, what was done to make a living/ occupation done for monetary gain. Yeshua merely showed the pharisees and all who followed their teaching (which was contrary to God’s Word) that doing Good things was allowed and Lawful on Sabbath (Luk 6:9, Mat 12:12, Mar 3:4)
Q8) Yeshua gave Commandments that abolished the Old, which contained the Sabbath Commandment
Contrary to popular belief, Yeshua never replaced the 10 Commandments with 2 New Commandments. The 2 commandments mentioned in the New Testament were directly quoted from the Old Testament(Deut 6:5, 10:12(Love God) & Lev 19:18, 34(Love neighbor). These 2 Commandments were known by others before Yeshua spoke them out (Luke 10:25-28). The 2 Commandments were summaries of the 10 Commandments. (Please refer this post for further study on this subject)
Q9) The Sabbath Commandment is not a Spiritual Commandment, while we are asked to keep the Spirit of the Law, and not the letter of the Law
Some quote Rom 7:6, saying we are no more under the Old written Law(which included The Sabbath Commandment), but we serve Him through the Holy Spirit. The mistake these people make is not clearly understanding what Paul means by this remark. Let us review some of the things Paul says about the Law, in the letter to the Romans.
- Paul does not make the Law void. He establishes it (Rom 3:31)
- Paul says that the Law is not sin, and he would not have known what sin is, if it wasn’t for the Law (Rom 7:7)
- Paul says the Law & the Commandments are Holy, just and good (Rom 7:12)
- Paul says the Law is spiritual (Rom 7:14)
- Paul delights in the Law of God (Rom 7:22)
- Paul serves the Law of God (Rom 7:25)
Paul himself says that the Law(which contains the Sabbath Commandment) is Spiritual and that he serves, delights and establishes it. But then what does he mean by “delivered from the Law”?
Please read this post to understand more about the Biblical definitions of “Sin”, “Law” & “Grace.
In short, Sin is Breaking the Law/Lawlessness.(1John 3:4).
The Law can do only 3 things ;
1. Bless us if we keep it (Deut 11:26,27)
2. Curse us if we don’t (Deut 11:26,28)
3. Let us know what sin is (Rom 3:20, 7:7).
The new Covenant mentioned in Heb 8:8-11 which is quoted from Jer 31:31-34 says that God will put His Law inside our minds and write it on our Hearts. This is essentially the New Covenant. What Paul means in Romans 7:6 is that we are dead to the Law which said that we are cursed and deserve death for our sins, through Yeshua our Savior and His Righteousness. And that we serve God in Spirit rather than in written letter. (The written Commandments were rigid, while Yeshua taught how to connect Heart & Mind to the Commandments. Eg: The written Commandments said “Thou shall not commit adultery” while Yeshua said, “Even if you think an adulterous thought, you are committing adultery”) Paul cannot mean that the Law & God’s Commandments are done away with, as he would be going against his own words listed up above. What he is saying is, that we no longer serve in the rigidness of the written Law, but the Spirit of the Law, which talks directly to our Hearts & Minds. In conclusion, this verse does not prove that the Sabbath with the other Laws of God have been abolished in any way.
Q10) We are under grace and not under Law, so we do not need to keep the Sabbath
Some quote Rom 6:14 saying, we are not under the Law but under Grace, so we do not need to keep The Sabbath which is part of the Law. Please read this post to understand more about the Biblical definitions of “Sin”, “Law” & “Grace and what Paul meant by this verse.
Q11) Yeshua is the Lord of the Sabbath, so this Commandment ends with Him
One of the favorite scriptures used to debunk the Sabbath is Yeshua being the Lord of the Sabbath (Mat 12:8, Mar 2:28, Luk 6:5). Some even say, that Yeshua showed that the Sabbath was not important by saying “The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath” in Mar 2:27.
The Sabbath was indeed made for man as God specifically said that it is given to man, so he would be refreshed(Exo 23:12), just like God rested on the seventh day and was refreshed (Exo 31:17).
Through Yeshua’s proclamation of being the Lord of the Sabbath in Mar 2:28, what did He mean? Remember, that this was the reply He gave to the Pharisees who accused His disciples of breaking the Sabbath, as discussed in Q1 in this post. Yeshua did not excuse the breaking of the Sabbath. He merely showed what it meant to break the Sabbath. (Please read question 1 in this post for a better understanding on this issue). And Yeshua, rightfully, is the Lord of the Sabbath. But this does not make the commandment void in any way.
Q12) The Sabbath was made for Jews, not Gentiles. It was given to Israel and not the church
First of all read these definitions : 1. Jew & Gentile 2. Israel 3. Church
The Sabbath was not made for the Jews. It was made for man and given as a Commandment to Israel – God’s people. Jews are only one tribe of people, from the children of Israel. Gentiles are people who do not know God. Israel is God’s chosen people forever. The word “Church” means “assembly”, and it relates to the people who believe in God. If you believe in God you are part of the Church & Israel. You are no more a Gentile, when you come into the Covenant with God. If you believe in God, you have no choice but to obey His Commandments. We should obey Him because we Love Him, not because we have to obey Him. (Please read the links given above for more information on this subject).
Q13) It doesn’t matter which day you keep, as long as you keep one and you are fully convinced in your own mind according to Rom 14:5,6
Paul in the letter to the Romans said he does not make the Law void, he establishes it (Rom 3:31). The Law is not sin, and he would not have known what sin is, if it wasn’t for the Law (Rom 7:7). The Law & the Commandments are Holy, just and good (Rom 7:12). The Law is spiritual (Rom 7:14). He delights in the Law of God (Rom 7:22). He serves the Law of God (Rom 7:25).
The same Paul seem to be suddenly saying that we have the freedom to do as we will. Is Paul saying, that if we want to, we can eat anything and If we want to, we can keep or not keep the Sabbath if we are fully convinced in our own mind? Which means each of us can do things how we see fit instead of doing what God has commanded us. Or could it be that he is talking about a completely different subject, which is Fasting? The whole chapter is talking about eating or not, and what day is better than another. The argument could have been on what day was better to fast on. The fact is, the Sabbath is not mentioned here at all. Please read the whole Chapter for a better understanding on this verse.
Q14) Sabbath keepers are working for their salvation and have fallen from Grace
In Gal 5:4, Paul tells the people in Galatia that “Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.” What does it mean to be justified by the Law?
Law, as we know is God’s Commandments.
Breaking the Law is Sin(1Joh 3:4).
And the Law can do only 3 things
1. Bless us if we keep it (Deut 11:26,27)
2. Curse us if we don’t (Deut 11:26,28)
3. Let us know what sin is (Rom 3:20, 7:7).
Can we attain righteousness by keeping the Law? Can we be justified in front of God by keeping the Law? Can we attain righteousness with our own strength? This is what Paul addresses in Gal 5:4. If anyone seeks to be justified by the Law(attain righteousness through their own power by keeping God’s Commandments), that person has lost God’s favor/grace, as he or she is putting faith in him/herself rather than in Yeshua, who was the atoning sacrifice for us. If Righteousness could have been attained by each of us through keeping the Law, Christs death is in vain (Gal 2:21). Yeshua died for all of our Sin. Because of His death, Sin has no more dominion over us. When Yeshua died for our sin, we moved from being under God’s Commandments and the penalty of breaking it, which is death, to being under His favor/Grace (Rom 6:14). But, just because we have God’s Favour, and because we are no more under the penalty, can we Sin(Break God’s Law)? No we cannot. (Rom 6:15). Please read this post for more information on this subject.
You fall from Grace if you try to attain righteousness by your own power, by putting faith in yourself. You do not though, fall from Grace by obeying God and His Commandments (which contains the Sabbath commandment) because you Love Him. Can you fall out of someones favor because you obey that person? Just by obeying God and His Commandments(which contain the Sabbath Commandment as well) you cannot fall from His Grace.
Q15) Gal 4:9,10 specifically says not to be in bondage to observing days
Reading Gal 4:8, we understand that the people in Galatia did not know God at one time, and was serving things that are not God. Paul then goes on to ask in verse 9, why they are turning back to weak and beggarly elements, after they have come to know God. So the days, months, times and years mentioned in Gal 4:10 cannot be God’s Sabbaths and appointments. Paul just asked them why they are turning back to weak and poor principles/beggarly elements. Are God’s Sabbath and His Commandments the weak and poor principles Paul is asking the Galatia assembly about? Is this the bondage he is talking about? Or is it that the Galatians were turning back to their former observances done before?
We know that the Galatians did not know God at one time, and they wouldn’t have kept the Sabbath, when they did not know God’s Commandments. Ask yourself this question. If it was the Sabbath, Paul was talking about, How can the Galatians be turning back to observing the Sabbath which they did not observe in the first place? These observances must be days and months that come from different pagan cultures.
Q16) Even if we do need to keep the Sabbath, we wouldn’t know which day it is because of the numerous calendar changes in history
The Seven Day Week has never been effected with the numerous changes done to the Calendar systems in history. Meaning there has never been 2 consecutive mondays, tuesdays, etc. The 7 day week has continued on as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and so on and so forth, without any change. Which means the 7th day in Yeshua’s time is still the 7th day, today! (Please refer any Encyclopedia to recheck this theory) The 7 day cycle has never been broken to date!
Q17) There is no proof in Scripture that the Sabbath is Saturday
As we saw in the 2nd Part of this study, the word translated as “Sabbath” in our English translations come from (G4521 – σάββατον – sabbaton – sab’-bat-on) in the Original Greek Manuscripts. The word “Sabbato” is still in use in Greece, as Greeks call Saturday “Sabbato”. (Please check this for yourself in any Greek – English Dictionary) Let me put this in another way. In Greece, the day which is called “Saturday” is still called “Sabbato” – the same word which is in the Original Greek New Testament Manuscripts which is translated as “Sabbath” in English. SABBATH = SABBATO = SATURDAY. There is no doubt about it.
Q18) There is no Sabbath service near to where I live. Am I to keep Sabbath by myself? Isn’t it better for me to go on a Sunday and worship God along with others?
We can worship God on all 7 days of the week. You are not breaking the Sabbath by going to a Sunday Service. The only thing which was banned on the Sabbath was your regular work. Even if you go to worship meeting on Sundays, remember that the Sabbath is the day which was separated and commanded to be remembered by God. It was a sign between Him and His people(Exo 31:13,17)
This is not some kind of ritual. You don’t need to light candles and say special prayers, as none of it is Commanded in the Scriptures. Refrain from buying, selling, working or making others work for money. Set the day apart for studying and worshiping the God of Creation and the Sabbath. Do anything and everything, if it means helping others in need. The Sabbath spans from Friday Sundown to Saturday Sundown as per the Biblical day (Lev 23:32, Neh 13:19, Luk 23:34)
Q19) How can this be right, when everyone I know including powerful Pastors & Teachers worship on Sunday instead of the Sabbath
The only thing I can say to you is, in the Bible itself there are many stories where the people who obeyed God was the Minority. Just because the majority does not obey God, it does not make the wrong, right. God could choose to use anyone to help people and release them from their infirmities (Even the pharisees had the power to cast out demons – Luk 11:19). Each of us is given a measure of knowledge by God. What matters is, what we do with that measure. “to whom much is given, much will be required”.
I used to believe that the Sabbath was no more as well, at one time. But when God opened my eyes to the Truth, I chose to obey. We cannot pick and choose what we like out of the Scriptures. We need to look at it as a whole and come to our own conclusions through the helper Yeshua left us, God’s own Holy Spirit. Pray for your friends, Pastors & Teachers, that they may also see the truth and start obeying God without question.
Q20) Their were strict Laws concerning the Sabbath such as not lighting a fire. Are we supposed to stay in the dark without cooking food just to observe this old Sabbath Law?
Some say, Are you seriously saying we need to keep a Commandment which even has a Law attached to it, which says you cannot even light a fire on the Sabbath? If God has commanded, we have to obey. But we need to understand what He meant by this first. What did He mean by not lighting a fire? Did He mean that everyone has to go hungry that day, because you cannot cook a meal? Did He mean that you have to sleep in the cold and freeze to death because you cannot light a fire? We have to understand God’s Words and His Laws before we make any assumptions.
In Exo 35:2,3, God speaks through Moses saying, Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
What is the context of Exo 35:3? Why does He say not to light a fire? Because God did not want anyone to do “regular monetary work” on that day. Remember that fire was essential for “work” at that time. If someone uses this verse to say “If you keep the Sabbath, you shouldn’t even cook using fire”, I would show them Exo 12:16 which talks about the High/Special Sabbaths of Unleavened Bread, and how God specifically says that people can prepare their meals on these special Sabbath days.
Some point to the punishment in Exo 35:2, and say, “Are we to put people who break the Sabbath to death? Surely, this is not a commandment for today”.
When this Commandment was given to the people, God himself reigned as King over them. He directly solved matters regarding everything through Moses. On the other hand, today, we are in exile. We are scattered around the world waiting for God to come back and establish His kingdom. He alone can punish a person who breaks His Commandments. When He said “shall be surely put to death”, that was a curse of the Law. The punishment for breaking God’s Commandments is Death. This is what Yeshua took upon Himself, so that we could have Grace when we fall short. It is not an open invitation for us to freely break God’s Commandments, just because we have Grace. That is making the blood of Yeshua into a worthless thing.
The Sabbath is quite a complex subject, with people teaching that it has been abolished for many hundreds of years. We must put our faith in God’s Word, rather than any man’s preaching or teaching and audit ourselves. Test every teaching and every verse we know, that goes against God’s Word. I sincerely hope this study has helped you clear out some of the questions you had. Even though it is a very long post, there was no way of shortening it more, as without hard facts shown through Scripture, we can make our own doctrines very easily. It has already led our world to have many denominations with various teachings which have no foundations in the Word of God. As with all of my other studies, I ask you to check everything which is written in this post and to make your conclusions using only the Word of God. May God Almighty bless you for your obedience in keeping His Commandments which include The 7th Day Sabbath!
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I’m enjoying reading your Church History Series, but I have to take exception to this “Sabbath” piece.
“Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 2For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
3For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
4For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. 6Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
7Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. 11Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.” (Heb 4:1-11)
The TRUE Sabbath is not a day of the week, but “ceasing from our own works” (i.e “unbelief”). Placing faith in the Word of God is the true “rest”!
“For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.” (Heb 4:12)
Is this a Seventh Day Adventist site … or, maybe, a Hebrew Roots Movement site?
I am glad that there are people like you, with a passion to learn about the Word and its history. I am not part of the Seventh day Adventists, nor do I consider myself a Hebrew Roots follower. I am trying to learn, study and share the original beliefs of the First Century Church and become a true follower of Yeshua. I would call this “obeying the Full Bible” or the “Roots of 1st Century Christianity”. It is not in any way a part of a denomination, nor do I want to be part of one… as denominations are made by man. I choose to be a disciple of Yeshua instead.
On the question of Sabbath – I would like to point out an important thing. I was just like you! 3 years back I would have had the same argument as yours – “Sabbath is not a day” – But there is an issue with this understanding, both Biblically and Historically. Biblically, the Sabbath was always A particular day – even throughout the New Testament where Yeshua, His disciples, Paul and countless others are referred to have done particular things like teaching, resting, going to the synagogue on a particular day called the “Sabbath”.
Historically – there is proof, there was a designated day known as the Sabbath. Please see below link
We also see the Council of Laodicea outlawing the Sabbath in 363, which has remained that way in Church theology till today, whether Catholic, Orthodox or Protestant.
The keeping of the 7th day Sabbath is a direct Commandment from God being included in the 10 commandments – which some see as Sunday instead of Saturday, as it has always been
It will also be kept in the time of the Millennium when Yeshua returns to establish His kingdom (Isa 66:22-24)
On the verse you have highlighted in Hebrews – remember that the Book of Hebrews first and foremost is focused on one topic – the priesthood. Secondly the higlighted verse is speaking of the Sabbath rest of the Millennium(the 7th 1000 years mimicking the 7th day) but that is a teaching by itself.
You are most welcome to disagree with me, but please disagree after considering all things Biblically and Historically. After doing your research, if you still feel I am wrong, that’s alright. I hope we can agree on somethings, disagree on others and still maintain respect for each other!
May you be a blessing to all around you!
I have what is probably a dumb question. If in Hebrews it is talking about entering into the millennium rest, why does it talk about Sabbath to Sabbath in Isaiah 66?
So we will be keeping the Sabbath while living in the Sabbath rest?
Hope this question makes sense.
It’s not a dumb question at all. In God’s Calendar, both things that have come to pass as well as things that are yet to be fulfilled, are commemorated. For Example, we see Pentecost being celebrated by Paul in Jerusalem, even after the fulfillment of the Holy Spirit being poured. Not only will the Sabbath be celebrated, The Feast of Tabernacles will be celebrated as well(Zec 14:19). Tabernacles represents God making His tabernacle among us, which is the Millennial reign of the Messiah which will be completed with the New Heavens and New Earth (represented by the 8th day). I believe all the days mentioned in Lev 23 (inclusive of Sabbath) will be still commemorated in the Millennial kingdom. Sin and Death will only be uprooted at the end of the 1000 years, which means these days will act as lessons to people who are still defiant, as clearly seen in Revelations and Zecheriah.
The Sabbath represents the 7th day or years 6000 to 7000 in the biblical calendar, so it is understandable that the Author of Hebrews chose to speak of this era as a Sabbath Rest.
Hope I gave a satisfactory answer to your question. Be a blessing to everyone around you!
you haven’t read Hebrews chapter 4 that says there remains for the resting of the Sabbath for Gods people. the Sabbath was instated after creation on the seventh day and Adam and Eve were the first parents to observe this day. this proves that the Sabbath was not made specifically for the Jews but rather for mankind as per Christ’s words. Christ denied that he came to change the laws and the prophets hence the Sabbath was not abolished by Him (Mathews 5:17). the bible actually reveals that a certain authority found on Daniel 7:25 shall attempt to change time and laws and historically we actually know that it is the Roman Catholic church that did so under the papacy. you can also check the book of james chapter 2. where there is no law there is no sin. stay blessed.
I think you have either misunderstood this post or not read it, as the whole point of it is to research what day is know as the Sabbath – because some Christians believe it’s Sunday. The conclusion is that it is Saturday, and by no means does the post disapprove the Sabbath – the 4th Commandment. I am well familiar with Dan 7:25 – and while I am not sure whether it specifically refers to the Roman Catholic papacy, I know that they were the ones who made the change, which they openly admit in their church writings. James chapter 2 is also important, as it verifies the importance of the Law by showing that Faith alone without obedience is useless.
May you be a blessing to all around you
God’s Sabbath day is Saturday. It should be kept by all.
Amen! It is even proven through Historical Documents –
Be a blessing to everyone around you!
If monetary work is the only work prohibited on Sabbath, does it mean that someone like me who has to work on Saturdays also has broken God’s law and will not be counted as worthy to enter God’s rest? So does my sister who works as a receptionist and only get off on Sundays? I would appreciate if you could help me on this issue.
This is a genuine issue for many people who work in a system which revolves around a Roman Calendar. Doing your regular job on the Sabbath is considered breaking the 4th Command. Since no one should be forced to keep God’s Law – this is a personal choice all of His children need to make. My advice would be to see whether it is possible for you to find a job where you could take the Sabbath off, as per the command. Failing which you could also separate the earning of that day, and give it to the poor. I’m sure your obedience will be rewarded – and remember that God knows that you have a heart to obey Him… He will help you just as He listened to Hezekiah (2Chr30:17-20)
Be a blessing to everyone around you!
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Hi there, A very thorough article…in my humble opinion, thank you.
2 complaints though !!! a) Jesus was raised on the SABBATH..”into His rest” THAT IS SATURDAY !!!!!!!!….So there is NO EXCUSE to even think about changing the “sabbath” to a sun-day … ( Jesus did NOT die on a Friday !!!!!! )
.and b) -which connects with (a): – Acts ch 20 v 7 and 1 Cor. ch 16 v 2 are NOT called the “first day of the week” BECAUSE it is sun-day !!!!. “The phrase ” the first day of the week” mentioned just 8 times in the Bible refers to the day following the 7th day Sabbath of PASSOVER WEEK…..which is called the day of “FIRST FRUIT” Jesus was/is the FIRST FRUIT. ( There are 2 Sabbaths in Passover week 1) the feast of unleavened bread – an annual sabbath -…and the usual 7th day Sabbath. ) Both Acts ch 7 and 1 Cor ch 16 v 2 -( if one bothers to read the verses either side of the context discussed,) one will realise that that ” first day of the week” was THE DAY OF ‘FIRST FRUIT’. which itself is AN ANNUAL EVENT ( once a year occasion NOT a weekly occasion !!!!!) Thus the collection 1 Cor ch 16 v 2 —was an ANNUAL collection….to take to Jerusalem..NOT a weekly collection.” The Bible is so absolutely clear about this !!! In both texts ie Acts and Corinthians, Paul is rushing around to be in a suitable place for “Pentecost”..
The counting of the days to Pentecost begin at ‘First Fruit’. Lev ch 23 vs 9-16 ….That is the day which follows the 7th day Sabbath of Passover week ! ( The Sabbath day when JESUS WAS RAISED UP ) ( “3 days and 3 nights” = 72 hours. Jesus was laid in the tomb at sunset. (midweek..(Wednesday)..He was raised at the sunset of the 7th day Sabbath….which is the commencement of the day of FIRST FRUIT…The sheaf of barley would be reaped at that SAME sunset before any stars appeared in the dimming light of the evening ….This ” token harvest of barley” would ‘untouched’ be presented to God in the Temple the next morning…JUST AS Jesus tells us that the next morning He for-bad Mary to touch Him because He was YET to present Himself to His Father, GOD.
What so many churches teach is just WRONG !!!
(And my own belief is that we should be wary of Paul .. who teaches things ‘beyond’ ie outside..the” Doctrine of Christ” 2 JOHN V. 9.) ( 2nd Epistle of John)
Sincerely, rodd PS I am willing to expand on any part of this message. rm
Be a blessing to everyone around you
Hello read your atricle so the food laws are still valid? And if so if broken and repented and turned from it can be forgiven? also the sabbath is it on saturday or do we keep it friday sundown to saturday sundown as jewish do with shabbat? Not long come to Jesus and want to understand better as our church celebrate sunday and confused as i had wondered because food laws were part of moses law not sure about ten commandments
Mat 5:17-19 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Lev 23:32 From even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. (this verse is speaking of a special sabbath called Atonement, but we can apply same to all days. The day goes from Sundown to Sundown in God’s Calendar)
Hope this helps. Please email me if you have more queries. I will be glad to help
Be a blessing to everyone around you
Hello Ramesh, I have been reading your articles for a bit now and I’ve learned a lot about Torah observance this past several months. This article has helped me to learn about the Sabbath a while back so thank you for posting. I now have to say that I object to one of your claims. The Sabbath is not from evening to evening but from dawn to dawn. The biblical day begins at dawn. In Matthew 28:1 we can see that the Sabbath was ending as the day was dawning. In the account of creation we can see that each new day began at the morning, which also ended the previous day. Here are several other verses throughout the Bible that support a dawn to dawn biblical day. I have capitalized many words for emphasis.
Leviticus 7:15 “And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving SHALL BE EATEN THE SAME DAY that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until THE MORNING.”
Ex 32:5-6 “…and Aaron made proclamation, and said, ‘TO MORROW is a
feast to the Lord.’And they ROSE UP EARLY on THE MORROW, and offered burnt offerings…”
Lev. 6:20 “This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall
offer unto the Lord IN THE DAY when he is anointed; the tenth part of an
ephah of fine flour for a meat offering perpetual, HALF of it in the MORNING,
and HALF thereof at NIGHT.”
Num. 28:28:3-4 “This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer
unto the Lord; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a
continual burnt offering. The one lamb shalt thou offer IN THE MORNING, and
the other lamb shalt thou offer AT EVEN;”
Dt. 21:23 “His body shall not remain ALL NIGHT upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him THAT DAY; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God)…”
Ex. 10:3-4,13 “Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews… ‘…Behold, TOMORROW will I bring the locusts into thy coast…’… And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land ALL THAT DAY, and ALL THAT NIGHT; and when it was MORNING, the east wind brought the locusts.”
Josh. 7:6, 10, 13 “And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face
before the ark of the Lord UNTIL THE EVENTIDE, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads… And the Lord said unto Joshua… “…Up, sanctify the people, and say, ‘Sanctify yourselves against TO MORROW: for thus saith the Lord God of Israel, There is an accursed thing in the midst of thee…’”
I will also link you to the article I found that gave me many of these verses. There are several more in here I did not mention, as well as historical information. I think it is definitely worth a read if you take the Sabbath and God’s law seriously.
Click to access Fentiman-Travis-The-Biblical-Sabbath-is-from-Dawn-to-Dawn-Updated.pdf
“He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.”
I am happy that you are searching for the truth. Have you also looked at the verses that are “for” an evening to evening Sabbath? Especially Lev 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
I think a direct command will always trump any speculation made using verses that are not absolutely clear. But whatever your thoughts, I am joyful that you are being obedient to our Father by keeping His commands.
Be a blessing to everyone around you
I agree wholeheartedly that commandments are better than other speculation, but Leviticus 23:32 is talking about a high Sabbath; one of the annual feasts. There is no command to celebrate the weekly Sabbath from evening to evening. In fact, I would say that the mentioning of evening to evening in the first place is good reason to assume the days were normally from dawn to dawn, otherwise “evening to evening” would be redundant.
I again direct you to the verses and the article I posted that shed light on this matter, as I think it is an important truth, just as important as the sabbath and the commandments themselves. I was doing Sabbath from evening to evening at first, but dawn to dawn makes so much more sense biblically.
I have looked into the dawn to dawn Sabbath, Just as I have looked into most other doctrines such as the Lunar Sabbath. I am still not convinced of a dawn to dawn Sabbath, as I believe most of the evidence (including verses cited above) used for this doctrine can also be interpreted to make a case for the eve to eve Sabbath. At our House, we start Sabbath in the Evening with a Meal thanking God and we end the Sabbath, the next eve along with the Congregation thanking God. Just as the Month starts with a Dark Moon and Ends with a Dark Moon, the Day starts with Darkness and ends with Darkness as I understand it. As I mentioned earlier, it is a joyous thing that you are keeping the Sabbath – but I would ask you to do more research into the Historical evidence as well. There is no historical evidence that I know of, that says the Sabbath was kept from Dawn to Dawn. Rather there is evidence from Josephus and the Mishnah that the observance was from Eve to Eve. I am glad that you are zealous to follow Our Saviour.
Be a blessing to everyone around you